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Green tea and cancer

Green tea and cancer

Epub Jun Various potential health benefits of Black pepper extract for weight loss Youth restoration Greenn Green tea and cancer reviewed fea 5 ] including anti-inflammatory Youth restoration dancer ], Grwen [ 7 ], neuroprotective [ 8 ], and cholesterol-lowering effects [ 9 ], which may have an impact on cancer and cardiometabolic risk. All four meta-analyses on the association between green tea and blood pressure reported reductions both in systolic and diastolic blood pressure [,]. The association of tea consumption and the risk and progression of prostate cancer: a meta-analysis. Why Free Radicals Are Important.

Green tea and cancer -

February Study finds how green tea may prevent cancer WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. Purdue University researchers Dorothy Morre and D. James Morre pronounced MORE-aye found that EGCg, a compound in green tea, inhibits an enzyme required for cancer cell growth and can kill cultured cancer cells with no ill effect on healthy cells.

The findings offer the first scientific evidence to explain precisely how this compound works within a cell to ward off cancer. The findings suggest that drinking more than four cups of green tea a day could provide enough of the active compound to slow and prevent the growth of cancer cells, she says.

Although all teas come from the same botanical source, green tea differs from black tea or other teas because of the way the tea leaves are processed after they are picked. For black tea, freshly picked leaves are "withered" indoors and allowed to oxidize. This is an additional 10 experimental and 85 nonexperimental studies from those included in the previous version of the review.

Eleven experimental studies allocated a total of participants to either green tea extract or placebo, all demonstrating an overall high methodological quality based on 'Risk of bias' assessment. For incident prostate cancer, the summary risk ratio RR in the green tea-supplemented participants was 0.

The summary RR for gynaecological cancer was 1. No evidence of effect of non-melanoma skin cancer emerged summary RR 1. Consumption of green tea extracts induced a slight improvement in quality of life, compared with placebo, based on three experimental studies.

In nonexperimental studies, we included over 1,, participants from 46 cohort studies and 85 case-control studies, which were on average of intermediate to high methodological quality based on Newcastle-Ottawa Scale 'Risk of bias' assessment.

When comparing the highest intake of green tea with the lowest, we found a lower overall cancer incidence summary RR 0. Conversely, we found no association between green tea consumption and cancer-related mortality summary RR 0.

For most of the site-specific cancers we observed a decreased RR in the highest category of green tea consumption compared with the lowest one. After stratifying the analysis according to study design, we found strongly conflicting results for some cancer sites: oesophageal, prostate and urinary tract cancer, and leukaemia showed an increased RR in cohort studies and a decreased RR or no difference in case-control studies.

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Authors' conclusions:. Search strategy:. Selection criteria:. Data collection and analysis:. Main results:. For example, cancer rates tend to be low in countries such as Japan where people regularly consume green tea. However, it is not possible to know for sure from these studies whether green tea actually prevents cancer in people.

Early clinical studies suggest that the polyphenols in tea, especially green tea, may play an important role in the prevention of cancer. Researchers also believe that polyphenols help kill cancerous cells and stop them from growing. Bladder cancer.

In one study that compared people with and without bladder cancer, researchers found that women who drank black tea and powdered green tea were less likely to develop bladder cancer. A follow-up clinical study by the same group of researchers revealed that people with bladder cancer, particularly men, who drank green tea had a better 5-year survival rate than those who did not drink green tea.

People with cancer should consult with their doctor before adding tea to their regimen. Breast cancer. Studies in animals and test tubes suggest that polyphenols in green tea inhibit the growth of breast cancer cells.

In one study of women with various stages of breast cancer, researchers found that women who drank the most green tea had the least spread of cancer. It was especially true in premenopausal women in the early stages of breast cancer.

They also found that women with early stages of the disease who drank at least 5 cups of tea daily before being diagnosed with cancer were less likely to experience a recurrence after they finished treatment. However, women with late stages of breast cancer had little or no improvement from drinking green tea.

There is no clear evidence one way or the other about green tea and breast cancer prevention. In one very large study, researchers found that drinking tea, green or any other type, was not associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer.

Ovarian cancer. In a study done with ovarian cancer patients in China, researchers found that women who drank at least one cup of green tea per day lived longer with the disease than those who did not drink green tea.

In fact, those who drank the most tea, lived the longest. But other studies found no beneficial effects. Colorectal cancer. Studies on the effects of green tea on colon or rectal cancer have showed conflicting results. Some studies show decreased risk in those who drink the tea, while others show increased risk.

In one study, women who drank 5 or more cups of green tea per day had a lower risk of colorectal cancer compared to non-tea-drinkers. However, there was no protective effect for men.

Other studies show that drinking tea regularly may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer in women. More research is needed before researchers can recommend green tea for the prevention of colorectal cancer. Esophageal cancer. Studies in laboratory animals have found that green tea polyphenols inhibit the growth of esophageal cancer cells.

However, studies in people have produced conflicting findings. For example, one large-scale population-based study found that green tea offered protection against the development of esophageal cancer, particularly among women.

Another population-based study found just the opposite, green tea consumption was associated with an increased risk of esophageal cancer. In fact, the stronger and hotter the tea, the greater the risk.

Given these conflicting results, more research is needed before scientists can recommend green tea for the prevention of esophageal cancer. Lung cancer. While green tea polyphenols have been shown to inhibit the growth of human lung cancer cells in test tubes, few clinical studies have looked at the link between drinking green tea and lung cancer in people, and the studies that have been done show conflicting results.

One population-based study found that Okinawan tea, similar to green tea but partially fermented, was associated with lower lung cancer risk, particularly among women.

But a second study found that green tea and black tea increased the risk of lung cancer. More studies are needed before researchers can draw any conclusions about green tea and lung cancer. Green tea should not be used by patients on bortezomib therapy. Pancreatic cancer. In one large-scale clinical study researchers compared green tea drinkers with nondrinkers and found that those who drank the most tea were less likely to develop pancreatic cancer.

This was particularly true for women, those who drank the most green tea were half as likely to develop pancreatic cancer as those who drank less tea.

However, it is not clear from this population-based study whether green tea is solely responsible for lowering pancreatic cancer risk. More studies are needed before researchers can recommend green tea for the prevention of pancreatic cancer.

Prostate cancer. Laboratory studies have found that green tea extracts prevent the growth of prostate cancer cells in test tubes.

A large clinical study in Southeast China found that the risk of prostate cancer went down with increasing frequency, duration, and quantity of green tea consumption.

However, both green and black tea extracts also stimulated genes that cause cells to be less sensitive to chemotherapy drugs. People who are undergoing chemotherapy should ask their doctors before drinking green or black tea, or taking tea supplements. Skin cancer. The main polyphenol in green tea is epigallocatechin gallate EGCG.

Scientific studies suggest that EGCG and green tea polyphenols have anti-inflammatory and anticancer properties that may help prevent the development and growth of skin tumors. Stomach cancer. Laboratory studies have found that green tea polyphenols inhibit the growth of stomach cancer cells in test tubes, however, studies in people have been less conclusive.

In two studies that compared green tea drinkers with nondrinkers, researchers found that people who drank tea were about half as likely to develop stomach cancer and stomach inflammation as those who did not drink green tea.

However, a clinical study with more than 26, men and women in Japan found no association between green tea and stomach cancer risk. Some studies even suggest that green tea may increase the risk of stomach cancer. Green tea may help reduce inflammation associated with Crohn disease and ulcerative colitis, the two types of IBD.

If green tea proves to help prevent colon cancer, it would also help those with IBD because they are at higher risk for colon cancer. Green tea has been used traditionally to control blood sugar levels. Animal studies suggest that green tea may help prevent the development of type 1 diabetes and slow the progression once it has developed.

In people with type 1 diabetes, their bodies make little or no insulin, which helps convert glucose or sugar into energy. Green tea may help regulate glucose in the body. Research also suggests that regular consumption of green tea may help manage type 2 diabetes.

Population-based studies have shown that men who drink more than 10 cups of green tea per day are less likely to develop liver problems. Green tea also seems to protect the liver from the damaging effects of toxic substances such as alcohol.

Animal studies have shown that green tea helps protect against liver tumors in mice. Results from several animal and human studies suggest that plant chemicals in green tea called catechins, may help treat viral hepatitis, an inflammation of the liver.

In these studies, catechin was used by itself in very high amounts. It is not clear whether green tea, which has a lower concentration of catechins, would have the same benefits.

It is important to note that 10 cups of green tea a day could cause problems due to high levels of caffeine. Ask your doctor about the best way to include green tea in your treatment.

Clinical studies suggest that green tea extract may boost metabolism and help burn fat. One study found that the combination of green tea and caffeine improved weight loss and maintenance in people who were overweight and moderately obese.

However, other studies show no benefit. Preliminary studies suggest that drinking green tea can help prevent dental cavities.

More research is needed. Green tea may also be useful in inflammatory diseases, such as arthritis. Research suggests that green tea may help arthritis by reducing inflammation and slowing the breakdown of cartilage.

Chemicals in green tea may help treat genital warts, treat dermatologic conditions, and prevent symptoms of colds and flu. Green tea may play a role in preventing Parkinson disease, cognitive decline, and osteoporosis. Studies also show that drinking green tea is associated with reduced risk of dying from any cause.

Green, black, and oolong tea are all derived from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant. Originally cultivated in East Asia, this plant grows as large as a shrub or tree.

Today, Camellia sinensis grows throughout Asia and parts of the Middle East and Africa. People in Asian countries more commonly consume green and oolong tea while black tea is most popular in the United States.

Green tea is prepared from unfermented leaves, the leaves of oolong tea are partially fermented, and black tea is fully fermented. The more the leaves are fermented, the lower the polyphenol content and the higher the caffeine content. Green tea has the highest polyphenol content while black tea has roughly 2 to 3 times the caffeine content of green tea.

Researchers think the health properties of green tea are mostly due to polyphenols, chemicals with potent antioxidant potential.

In fact, the antioxidant effects of polyphenols seem to be greater than vitamin C. The polyphenols in green tea also give it a somewhat bitter flavor. Polyphenols contained in teas are classified as catechins.

Green tea contains six primary catechin compounds: catechin, gallaogatechin, epicatechin, epigallocatechin, epicatechin gallate, and apigallocatechin gallate also known as EGCG.

EGCG is the most studied polyphenol component in green tea and the most active. Green tea also contains alkaloids including caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline.

They provide green tea's stimulant effects. L-theanine, an amino acid compound found in green tea, has been studied for its calming effects on the nervous system. Most green tea dietary supplements are sold as dried leaf tea in capsule form.

Look for standardized extracts of green tea. There are also liquid extracts made from the leaves and leaf buds. The average cup of green tea contains 50 to mg polyphenols antioxidants. Decaffeinated green tea products contain concentrated polyphenols.

Caffeine-free supplements are available. Depending on the brand, 2 to 3 cups of green tea per day for a total of to mg polyphenols or to mg per day of standardized green tea extract is recommended.

Caffeine-free products are available and recommended. The use of herbs is a time-honored approach to strengthening the body and treating disease. However, herbs contain active substances that can trigger side effects and interact with other herbs, supplements, or medications.

For these reasons, people should take herbs with care, under the supervision of a practitioner knowledgeable in the field of botanical medicine. People with heart problems or high blood pressure, kidney problems, liver problems, stomach ulcers, and psychological disorders, particularly anxiety, should not take green tea.

Pregnant and breastfeeding women should also avoid green tea. People with anemia, diabetes, glaucoma, or osteoporosis should ask their health care provider before drinking green tea or taking an extract.

People who drink large amounts of caffeine, including caffeine from green tea, for long periods of time may experience irritability, insomnia, heart palpitations, and dizziness. Caffeine overdose can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headaches, and loss of appetite.

If you are drinking a lot of tea and start to vomit or have abdominal spasms, you may have caffeine poisoning. If your symptoms are severe, lower your caffeine intake and see your health care provider. If you are being treated with any of the following medications, you should not drink green tea or take green tea extract without first talking to your health care provider:.

Green tea may inhibit the actions of adenosine, a medication given in the hospital for an irregular and usually unstable heart rhythm. Green tea may increase the effectiveness of beta-lactam antibiotics by making bacteria less resistant to treatment.

Caffeine, including caffeine from green tea, may reduce the sedative effects of these medications commonly used to treat anxiety, such as diazepam Valium and lorazepam Ativan. Beta-blockers, Propranolol, and Metoprolol.

Amongst all the cancdr about gea benefits of drinking green snd in recent years are several claims that a Youth restoration found in green tea—epigallocatechingallate Cnacer —may Greeb a powerful weapon against breast cancer. The Green tea and cancer rate of breast tes and some other cancers Youth restoration regions Balanced diet structure Green tea and cancer drink large amounts of Immunity-boosting foods tea is what made researchers start examining the relationship. Before you put faith in your teacup, it's important to dig into the science—what's known and what needs more examination. Green tea is made from the leaves of the Camellia sinensisa plant native to parts of Asia. The same plant also produces white, oolong, and black teas, and each type represents a progressive stage in the leaves' development. Green comes after white and appears to be the stage when certain compounds are at their highest concentrations. Green tea's cancer-fighting reputation comes from its polyphenols, which are chemicals that have antioxidant properties.

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Cancer’s Worst Enemy? The Astonishing Power Of Green Tea!

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