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Alternative methods for blood pressure control

Alternative methods for blood pressure control

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. Executive Health Alternwtive. Written by American Heart Association Aternative staff and reviewed Alternative methods for blood pressure control science methdos medicine advisors. Examples of eating plans that can help control blood pressure are the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension DASH diet and the Mediterranean diet. Tips for sleeping well include :. However, there is not enough evidence to confirm that most supplements can manage blood pressure. Clinical Trials. Alternative methods for blood pressure control

Alternative methods for blood pressure control -

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Already a member? Login ». Matthew Solan , Executive Editor, Harvard Men's Health Watch. Howard E. LeWine, MD , Chief Medical Editor, Harvard Health Publishing. As a service to our readers, Harvard Health Publishing provides access to our library of archived content.

Please note the date of last review or update on all articles. No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician. An alarming one in three American adults has high blood pressure.

Known medically as hypertension, many people don't even know they have it, because high blood pressure has no symptoms or warning signs.

But when elevated blood pressure is accompanied by abnormal cholesterol and blood sugar levels, the damage to your arteries, kidneys, and heart accelerates exponentially. Fortunately, high blood pressure is easy to detect and treat. In the Special Health Report, Controlling Your Blood Pressure , find out how to keep blood pressure in a healthy range simply by making lifestyle changes, such as losing weight, increasing activity, and eating more healthfully.

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What is a tongue-tie? What parents need to know. Which migraine medications are most helpful? How well do you score on brain health? Shining light on night blindness. Can watching sports be bad for your health? You will still need to make changes to your diet and exercise habits, even if your doctor prescribes medication.

Several medications are available to treat high blood pressure. Ten percent of people with hypertension may need as many as three drugs to control their condition. Diuretics help the kidneys eliminate sodium and water from the body.

This lowers the amount of blood in the body and brings down blood pressure. Beta blockers: Slow down the heart rate, reducing how hard your heart has to work.

They also reduce stress hormones in the body, which allows blood vessels to relax. Beta blockers are not as effective in African-Americans, but they do work when taken with a thiazide diuretic. Beta blockers include:.

Angiotensin-converting enzyme ACE inhibitors: Block your body from making the chemical angiotensin, which helps stop blood vessels from narrowing. As blood vessels relax, blood pressure goes down.

Like beta blockers, ACE inhibitors alone do not work as well in African-Americans, but do work when combined with a thiazide diuretic. ACE inhibitors include:. Calcium-channel blockers CCBs : Relax blood vessels and lower blood pressure by stopping calcium from getting into heart cells and arteries.

Side effects may include constipation, nausea, and headache. Grapefruit juice interacts with some calcium-channel blockers, so DO NOT drink it if you take these drugs. CCBs include:. Angiotensin II receptor blockers ARBs : Block the effects of the chemical angiotensin in the body, lowering blood pressure.

ARBs are sometimes used when a person cannot take ACE inhibitors. These drugs include:. Whether or not your doctor prescribes medication to lower your blood pressure, you need to make changes in your diet and lifestyle.

Your treatment plan may also include a range of complementary and alternative therapies CAM. Ask your doctor how to incorporate these therapies into your overall treatment plan.

DO NOT stop taking your medication without your doctor's supervision. Quickly stopping some types of blood pressure medications can cause blood pressure to rise extremely high, which could cause stroke, heart attack, or other medical complications.

Always tell your health care provider about the herbs and supplements you are using or considering using. Eating a healthy diet that is low in saturated fat and salt can help lower blood pressure.

Following these nutritional tips may help:. Some vitamins and supplements may help lower blood pressure, although scientific evidence is mixed.

Be sure to talk to your doctor before taking any vitamins or supplements, especially if you take medicine for high blood pressure. Herbs may strengthen and tone the body's systems. As with any therapy, you should work with your health care provider before starting treatment.

You may use herbs as dried extracts capsules, powders, or teas , glycerites glycerine extracts , or tinctures alcohol extracts. Unless otherwise indicated, make teas with 1 tsp. herb per cup of hot water. Steep covered 5 to 10 minutes for leaf or flowers, and 10 to 20 minutes for roots. Drink 2 to 4 cups per day.

You may use tinctures alone or in combination as noted. Talk to your doctor before taking any herbs to treat hypertension, especially if you already take medication to control blood pressure. Few studies have examined the effectiveness of specific homeopathic remedies.

A professional homeopath, however, may recommend one or more of the following treatments for hypertension based on their knowledge and clinical experience.

Before prescribing a remedy, homeopaths take into account a person's constitutional type, includes your physical, emotional, and intellectual makeup. An experienced homeopath assesses all of these factors when determining the most appropriate remedy for a particular person. Several studies suggest the using acupuncture helps lower blood pressure.

More research is needed. Massage may help people with high blood pressure cope with stress. One study found that people with hypertension who got massage had lower blood pressure and steroid hormones, an indicator of stress.

People with hypertension who tend to have high levels of stress may be helped by massage therapy. The association between stress and hypertension is complicated and somewhat controversial.

The best evidence of a relaxation technique that reduces blood pressure is for transcendental meditation TM. Several studies also say that yoga may help lower blood pressure. Your doctor will check your blood pressure often while you are pregnant.

Some women get hypertension for the first time during pregnancy. If this happens, you may need medication.

Preeclampsia, which involves high blood pressure during pregnancy, can be life threatening. In preeclampsia, high blood pressure happens along with other symptoms, such as swelling of the ankles and legs, blurred vision, liver test abnormalities, and protein in the urine.

Fortunately, there are several treatment options for hypertension. Comprehensive treatment, including lifestyle changes and blood pressure medications, usually controls high blood pressure and results in a good prognosis.

Bell DR, Gochenaur K. Direct vasoactive and vasoprotective properties of anthocyanin-rich extracts. J Appl Physiol. Cabrera C, Artacho R, Gimenez R. Beneficial effects of green tea -- a review. J Am Coll Nutr. Cevik C, Iseri SO. The effect of acupuncture on high blood pressure of patients using antihypertensive drugs.

Acupunct Electrother Res. de Souza RJ, Swain JF, Appel LJ, Sacks FM. Alternatives for macronutrient intake and chronic disease: a comparison of the OmniHeart diets with popular diets and with dietary recommendations. Am J Clin Nutr. Diaz Encarnacion MM, Warner GM, Gray CE, Cheng J, Keryakos HK, Nath KA, Grande JP.

Signaling pathways modulated by fish oil in salt-sensitive hypertension. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. Dickinson HO, Campbell F, Beyer FR, Nicolson DJ, Cook JV, Ford GA, Mason JM. Relaxation therapies for the management of primary hypertension in adults: a Cochrane review. J Hum Hypertens.

Epub ahead of print. Edwards T. Inflammation, pain, and chronic disease: an integrative approach to treatment and prevention.

Altern Ther Health Med. Esposito K, Ciotola M, Giugliano D. Mediterranean diet and the metabolic syndrome. Mol Nutr Food Res.

Ferri: Ferri's Clincial Advisor Phildalephia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; Hagberg JM, Park JJ, Brown MD. The role of exercise training in the treatment of hypertension: an update. Sports Med. Hernandez-Reif M, Field T, Krasnegor J, Theakston H, Hossain Z, Burman I. High blood pressure and associated symptoms were reduced by massage therapy.

J Bodywork Movement Ther. Huang HY, Caballero B, Chang S, et al. The efficacy and safety of multivitamin and mineral supplement use to prevent cancer and chronic disease in adults: a systematic review for a National Institutes of Health state-of-the-science conference.

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Khan AU, Gilani AH. Blood pressure lowering, cardiovascular inhibitory and bronchodilatory actions of Achillea millefolium. Phytother Res. Kendler BS. Supplemental conditionally essential nutrients in cardiovascular disease therapy.

J Cardiovasc Nurs. Kokkinos PF, Papademetriou V. Exercise and hypertension. Coronary Artery Dis. Kozuma K, Tsuchiya S, Kohori J, et al. Antihypertensive effect of green coffee bean extract on mildly hypertensive subjects.

Hypertens Res. Kunutsor SK, Burgess S, Munroe PB, Khan H. Vitamin D and high blood pressure: causal association or epiphenomenon? Eur J Epidemiol. Lane JS, Magno CP, Lane KT, Chan T, Hoyt DB, Greenfield S.

Nutrition impacts the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease in the United States. J Vasc Surg. Miura K, Stamler J, Nakagawa H, Elliott P, Ueshima H, Chan Q, et al; International Study of Macro-Micronutrients and Blood Pressure Research Group.

Relationship of dietary linoleic acid to blood pressure. The International Study of Macro-Micronutrients and Blood Pressure Study.

Erratum in: Hypertension. Pratt C. Alternative prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease, part 2. Prim Care. Ried K, Frank OR, Stocks NP, Fakler P, Sullivan T. Effect of garlic on blood pressure: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

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Effects on blood pressure of reduced dietary sodium and the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension DASH Diet. N Engl J Med.

Schedule Artichoke appetizer ideas COVID Altegnative or booster appointment: Log Alternative methods for blood pressure control to myPennMedicine or call us 8am to 5pm, Monday through Alternative methods for blood pressure control, at Health and Contro. Hypertensioncommonly known Alternativve high blood pressure, affects one-third of all adults in the United States— and less than half of the people with high blood pressure have it under control. Craft, MDphysician at Penn Heart and Vascular Center Washington Square. Not only does exercise help control high blood pressure, it also helps you manage your weight, strengthen your heart and lower your stress level. While any type of aerobic activity walking, jogging, dancing has a positive impact on heart health, try to find something you enjoy doing. New research shows little Metabolic syndrome syndrome overview of infection from prostate Alternative methods for blood pressure control. Discrimination at work fog linked to presure blood pressure. Icy Altrrnative and toes: Lressure circulation or Raynaud's phenomenon? Taking medication to lower high blood pressure is a proven way to reduce your risk for heart disease. But adopting lifestyle changes may let you maintain healthy readings and perhaps even avoid drug therapy. Howard LeWine, editor in chief of Harvard Men's Health Watch.

Alternative methods for blood pressure control -

Patients with hypertension tend to have lower levels of the enzyme, and a meta-analysis — an overarching analysis of past studies — found that treatment with coenzyme Q10 supplements significantly reduced blood pressure.

Woolf also found that potassium helps lower blood pressure, and there is evidence that increasing the amount of potassium we get through the foods we eat could carry some of the same mild benefits as taking supplements. The potential herbal remedies Woolf identified include mistletoe extract, used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat hypertension.

Mistletoe extract reduced blood pressure in animal studies, but Woolf cautions that it may be toxic at high doses. The extract from Hawthorn, a type of tree, is also used, but provides only a slight reduction in blood pressure.

Conversely, Woolf uncovered a handful of herbal remedies — St. Woolf and Bisognano stress that the Food and Drug Administration does not regulate dietary and herbal supplements the way they regulate traditional pharmaceuticals. They say health care providers and patients need to be aware that the safety of these products is not always rigorously established and that formulations can vary.

Research on both practices is mixed — the types of patients included, the methods used, and the results, which vary from study to study.

While there is no conclusive evidence that either lowers blood pressure, researchers found that acupuncture reduces blood pressure compared to placebo in patients also taking anti-hypertensive medications, while in a meta-analysis, transcendental meditation appeared to lower blood pressure.

Other techniques that may provide some benefit include Zen Buddhist meditation and Qi Gong. Some devices developed in recent years involve a medical procedure, while others use technology that requires patients to participate in various exercises.

Those that involve a procedure include the implantable Rheos ® device , which regulates blood pressure much like a pacemaker regulates heart rhythm, and the Symplicity ® catheter system, which ablates or destroys nerves around the kidneys that send inappropriate signals to the brain to increase blood pressure.

Both are designed for patients with difficult-to-treat hypertension and led to significant drops in blood pressure in clinical trials.

They are only available to research participants at this time. Contact a health care provider if you have questions about your health.

How to Prevent High Blood Pressure Also called: Lowering High Blood Pressure. On this page Basics Summary Start Here Prevention and Risk Factors. Learn More Related Issues Specifics Genetics.

See, Play and Learn Videos and Tutorials Test Your Knowledge. Research Clinical Trials Journal Articles. Resources Find an Expert.

For You Patient Handouts. What is blood pressure? How is high blood pressure diagnosed? Blood Pressure Category Systolic Blood Pressure Diastolic Blood Pressure Normal Less than and Less than 80 High Blood Pressure no other heart risk factors or higher or 90 or higher High Blood Pressure with other heart risk factors, according to some providers or higher or 80 or higher Dangerously high blood pressure - seek medical care right away or higher and or higher For children and teens, the health care provider compares the blood pressure reading to what is normal for other kids who are the same age, height, and gender.

Who is at risk for high blood pressure? After age 55, women are more likely than men to develop it. Lifestyle - Certain lifestyle habits can raise your risk for high blood pressure, such as eating too much sodium salt or not enough potassium, lack of exercise, drinking too much alcohol, and smoking.

Family history - A family history of high blood pressure raises the risk of developing high blood pressure How can I prevent high blood pressure? You can help prevent high blood pressure by having a healthy lifestyle.

This means: Eating a healthy diet. To help manage your blood pressure, you should limit the amount of sodium salt that you eat and increase the amount of potassium in your diet.

It is also important to eat foods that are lower in fat, as well as plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. The DASH eating plan is an example of an eating plan that can help you to lower your blood pressure.

Getting regular exercise. Exercise can help you maintain a healthy weight and lower your blood pressure. You should try to get moderate-intensity aerobic exercise at least 2 and a half hours per week, or vigorous-intensity aerobic exercise for 1 hour and 15 minutes per week.

Aerobic exercise, such as brisk walking, is any exercise in which your heart beats harder and you use more oxygen than usual. Being at a healthy weight. Being overweight or having obesity increases your risk for high blood pressure.

Maintaining a healthy weight can help you control high blood pressure and reduce your risk for other health problems. Limiting alcohol. Drinking too much alcohol can raise your blood pressure. It also adds extra calories, which may cause weight gain.

Men should have no more than two drinks per day, and women only one. Not smoking. Cigarette smoking raises your blood pressure and puts you at higher risk for heart attack and stroke. If you do not smoke, do not start.

If you do smoke, talk to your health care provider for help in finding the best way for you to quit. Managing stress. Learning how to relax and manage stress can improve your emotional and physical health and lower high blood pressure. Stress management techniques include exercising, listening to music, focusing on something calm or peaceful, and meditating.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Start Here. Prevent High Blood Pressure Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevention and Risk Factors. Mind Your Risks National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

Related Issues. Alcohol: Does It Affect Blood Pressure? Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Also in Spanish Anxiety: A Cause of High Blood Pressure? Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Also in Spanish Blood Pressure: Is It Affected by Cold Weather?

Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research Also in Spanish Caffeine: How Does It Affect Blood Pressure?

Hypertension is one of the most Alternative methods for blood pressure control contributors Caffeine and fatigue resistance disease and death. Apternative 8 Holistic herbal remedies not directly address lifestyle treatments Alternativw as healthy diet, weight control, and regular exercise. In addition, mwthods nonpharmacologic strategies such as weight pressre, tobacco cessation, meditation, Alternative methods for blood pressure control, biofeedback, self-measured blood pressure monitoring, dietary supplements e. A diet with a high intake of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains is recommended. This dietary pattern should be adapted to appropriate calorie requirements, personal and cultural food preferences, and nutritional therapy for other medical conditions, including diabetes mellitus. One way to achieve this is by following plans such as the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension DASH diet Table 1 8the U. Department of Agriculture USDA Food Patterns, or the AHA diet.

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Natural Way to Lower Blood Pressure by this 1 Cup - Helps Lowering the Hypertension

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